Who did Plato think should rule?

Plato’s ideal rulers are philosopher-kings. Not only are they the most wise, but they are also virtuous and selfless. To combat corruption, Plato’s Socrates suggests that the rulers would live simply and communally.

According to Plato, a philosopher king is a ruler who possesses both a love of wisdom, as well as intelligence, reliability, and a willingness to live a simple life. Such are the rulers of his utopian city Kallipolis.

Similarly, who according to Plato should have political authority and why? Conclusion In conclusion, according to Plato philosophers should have political authority and should rule the city state. This is because philosophers have the wisdom and knowledge which Plato believes a ruler should have and very few people have this wisdom, the philosophers.

Subsequently, one may also ask, what government did Plato believe in?

Aristocracy is the form of government (politeia) advocated in Plato’s Republic. This regime is ruled by a philosopher king, and thus is grounded on wisdom and reason.

Where does Plato talk about Philosopher Kings?

Plato argues that philosopher kings should be the rulers, as all philosophers aim to discover the ideal polis. The ‘kallipolis’, or the beautiful city, is a just city where political rule depends on knowledge, which philosopher kings possess, and not power.

What does Plato argue in the Republic?

Socrates discusses four unjust constitutions: timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, and tyranny. He argues that a society will decay and pass through each government in succession, eventually becoming a tyranny, the most unjust regime of all.

What kind of government did Aristotle believe in?

Among forms of majority rule such as democracy, Aristotle prefers politeia, or constitutional government. Aristocracy – Aristotle highly esteems aristocracy, literally “the rule of the best,” and considers it superior to oligarchy because it values everyone’s interests.

Who is better Aristotle or Plato?

Both Aristotle and Plato believed thoughts were superior to the senses. However, whereas Plato believed the senses could fool a person, Aristotle stated that the senses were needed in order to properly determine reality. An example of this difference is the allegory of the cave, created by Plato.

What is the philosophy of Plato?

In his dialogues, Plato discussed every kind of philosophical idea, including Ethics (with discussion of the nature of virtue), Metaphysics (where topics include immortality, man, mind, and Realism), Political Philosophy (where topics such as censorship and the ideal state are discussed), Philosophy of Religion (

Why did Plato write republic?

Written after the Peloponnesian War, The Republic reflected Plato’s perception of politics as a dirty business that sought mainly to manipulate the unthinking masses. It failed to nurture wisdom. It starts out as a dialogue between Socrates several young men on the nature of justice.

What is ideal state?

Plato’s ideal state represents a new social order in which the upper into owner classes live in a state of special regimentation, representing the elements of reason and spirit. They are made to remove the elements of appetite. This is to be done through a system of communism of property and communism of family.

Who said the unexamined life is not worth living?

“The unexamined life is not worth living” (Ancient Greek: ? ?νεξέταστος βίος ο? βιωτ?ς ?νθρώπ?) is a famous dictum apparently uttered by Socrates at his trial for impiety and corrupting youth, for which he was subsequently sentenced to death, as described in Plato’s Apology (38a5–6).

Why did Socrates disagree with the Sophists?

Why did Socrates disagree with Sophists? Socrates disagreed with the Sophists because the Sophists believed that their students should use their time to improve themselves. Socrates believed that an absolute truth existed within each each person. Socrates invented the Socratic Method.

How did Plato feel about government?

Plato’s political philosophy. Plato’s political philosophy has been the subject of much criticism. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates is highly critical of democracy and proposes an aristocracy ruled by philosopher-kings. Plato’s political philosophy has thus often been considered totalitarian.

Why did Plato criticize democracy?

Plato attacked Athenian democracies for mistaking anarchy for freedom. The lack of coherent unity in Athenian democracy made Plato conclude that such democracies were a mere collection of individuals occupying a common space rather than a form of political organization.

What type of government did Socrates believe in?

Politics. It is argued that Socrates believed “ideals belong in a world only the wise man can understand”, making the philosopher the only type of person suitable to govern others. In Plato’s dialogue the Republic, Socrates openly objected to the democracy that ran Athens during his adult life.

What are the types of government described by Aristotle?

According to Polybius, who has the most fully developed version of the cycle, it rotates through the three basic forms of government, democracy, aristocracy, and monarchy and the three degenerate forms of each of these governments ochlocracy, oligarchy, and tyranny.

Why is aristocracy the best form of government?

Aristocracies dominated political and economic power for most of the medieval and modern periods almost everywhere in Europe, using their wealth, control of the best land, and control of their tenants to form a powerful political force.

Does aristocracy come from Aristotle?

As conceived by the Greek philosophers Plato (c. 428/427–348/347 bce) and Aristotle (384–322 bce), aristocracy means the rule of the few best—the morally and intellectually superior—governing in the interest of the entire population.