A mansard or mansard roof (also called a French roof or curb roof) is a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof characterized by two slopes on each of its sides with the lower slope, punctured by dormer windows, at a steeper angle than the upper.
Such a roof basically adds another habitable floor to a building, turning the attic into a spacious and comfortable space with few restrictions when it comes to interior design. A mansard roof is sometimes also known as a French roof or a curb roof.
is a mansard roof flat? Mansard Roof. A mansard roof, also known as a French roof, is a four-sided roof with a double slope on each side that meet forming a low-pitched roof. The lower slope is much steeper than the upper. The sides can either be flat or curved, depending on the style.
In this manner, what is a false mansard?
A mansard is a type of roof with a break in the slope on all four sides. A false mansard is often added to the front of an existing building to provide a permanent awning over lower-floor windows, or to make an old building appear more modern.
Where did mansard roofs originate?
The style can be found around the world, but the mansard roof is most associated with France. It was popularized by Mansart, and then re-appeared as part of the national aesthetic both in Empire and Second Empire styles of the 19th century.
How long does a mansard roof last?
20 to 30 years
What does a mansard roof look like?
Mansard roof, type of roof having two slopes on every side, the lower slope being considerably steeper than the upper. In cross section the straight-sided mansard can appear like a gambrel roof, but it differs from the gambrel by displaying the same profile on all sides.
What is a Dutch hip?
ANSWER. A Dutch hip roof, sometimes called a Dutch gable roof, is a combination of hip and gable roof styles in which a gable is located at the end of the ridge , at the top of a hip roof plane.
What is the difference between a dormer and a mansard?
The only difference with a mansard is that the slope across the face of the mansard will make the construction look softer from the outside. It will, however, sacrifice some head height compared to a dormer that is built vertical off of the back wall.
What is the pitch of a mansard roof?
The lower, steep, pitch is approximately 70 degrees and the upper pitch varies from 30 to 36 degrees. However, where an existing traditional mansard already exists in the group, its roof pitches and other detailing should be replicated.
What is a gable wall?
A gable is the generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of intersecting roof pitches. The shape of the gable and how it is detailed depends on the structural system used, which reflects climate, material availability, and aesthetic concerns.
What is a slanted roof called?
Sloping roofs come in many different varieties. The simplest is the lean-to, or shed, which has only one slope. A roof with two slopes that form an “A” or triangle is called a gable, or pitched, roof.
What is a mansard extension?
Named after the 17th Century French architect, Francois Mansart, mansard loft conversions can be thought of as an extension across the entire plane of your property’s roof. The roof is flat and windows are typically housed within small dormers.
What does a hip roof look like?
A square hip roof is shaped like a pyramid. Hip roofs on houses could have two triangular sides and two trapezoidal ones. A hip roof on a rectangular plan has four faces. Hip roofs often have a consistent level fascia, meaning that a gutter can be fitted all around.
What does it mean to Dormer a house?
A dormer is a roofed structure, often containing a window, that projects vertically beyond the plane of a pitched roof. Dormers are commonly used to increase the usable space in a loft and to create window openings in a roof plane.
What is the difference between a gambrel roof and a mansard roof?
A gambrel, or barn roof, is much like mansard in a sense that it has two different slopes. The difference between the two is that the gambrel only has two sides, while the mansard has four. Similar to mansard, the lower side of the gambrel roof has an almost vertical, steep slope, while the upper slope is much lower.
What is a saltbox roof?
A saltbox roof is a common roof type among older colonial style homes. They look very similar to a simple shed roof in that it is a lean-to, and are also similar to a gable roof in that this style creates a gable. While a gable roof has symmetrical roof fields and slopes, a saltbox roof is asymmetrical.
What is a London roof?
A traditional London roof form where the roof is constructed in the form of a ‘V’ and where the central gutter is at right angles to the front raised parapet, which hides the roof. This roof has no ridgeline as the party walls rise above the highest part of the roof.